Incomes in the UK

How have household incomes evolved over your lifetime? What is the gap between rich and poor? How many people are there in poverty? Which groups are most likely to face poverty? These questions are fundamental to understanding the living standards to households across the UK.

The IFS has a long tradition in research into the living standards, poverty and inequality. Our research examines changes in earnings and employment, as well as the government tax and benefit policies that affect households' incomes. Incomes in the UK brings together key resources that are useful to the public.


This spreadsheet allows the public to see the how different measures of living standards, poverty and inequality have evolved over time. This combines data from Department for Work and Pension's Households Below Average Income series from 1994-95 with data produced by the IFS to measure the incomes and distribution of income in Britain since 1961.

Figures since 1961 are given for:

  • Household incomes
  • Income Inequality
  • Poverty
  • Child poverty
  • Pensioner poverty
  • Poverty for working-age parents
  • Poverty for working-age non-parents


IFS researchers produce new research frequently to keep the analysis of the UK income distribution up to date. Our latest report analyses these trends to gain a greater understanding of why incomes have been changing in recent years.